The pertinence of oral health indicators in nutritional studies in the elderly.

Abstract : BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies concerning the more appropriate criteria for evaluating oral health in relation to nutrition in the elderly vary greatly. There is a need to identify the most relevant criteria for classifying dental indicators of mastication in nutritional studies, so these indicators may be considered for epidemiological and clinical purposes. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between nutritional deficit and measures of oral health in a group of elderly. METHODS: A convenience sample of independent elderly aged 65 years or more attending two primary care clinics in Beirut, Lebanon was selected. Data were collected from a questionnaire including the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and questions about perception of xerostomia and chewing problems. The oral examinations recorded decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT), the prosthetic status and the number of functional units (FU). RESULTS: The sample was composed of 121 women (mean age: 71.59 ± 5.97 years) and 80 men (mean age: 72.74 ± 6.98 years). They were allocated to two groups: 85 participants suffering from malnutrition (MNA score < 17, n = 17) or at risk of malnutrition (17 < MNA score < 24, n = 68) and 116 participants with a normal nutritional status (MNA score ≥ 24). Parameters that explain MNA variations were perception of xerostomia (OR = 3.49, 95% CI [1.66-7.34]), number of FU (OR = 2.79, 95% CI [1.49; 5.22]), and GOHAI score (OR = 2.905, 95% CI [1.40; 6.00]). CONCLUSION: Further studies exploring factors affecting nutrition in the elderly should take into consideration perception of xerostomia, number of FUs and GOHAI score.
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Clinical Nutrition, Elsevier, 2014, 33 (2), pp.316-21. 〈10.1016/j.clnu.2013.05.012〉
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https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01063334
Contributeur : Camille Meyer <>
Soumis le : jeudi 11 septembre 2014 - 18:12:52
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 septembre 2014 - 18:12:52

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Nada El Osta, Martine Hennequin, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Nada Bou Abboud Naaman, Lana El Osta, et al.. The pertinence of oral health indicators in nutritional studies in the elderly.. Clinical Nutrition, Elsevier, 2014, 33 (2), pp.316-21. 〈10.1016/j.clnu.2013.05.012〉. 〈hal-01063334〉

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