Investigating the subsurface connection beneath Cerro Negro volcano and the El Hoyo Complex, Nicaragua

Abstract : Cerro Negro, the youngest volcano along the Central American Volcanic Belt (CAVB), is a polygenetic cinder cone with relatively frequent basaltic eruptions. The neighbouring El Hoyo complex, of which Las Pilas is the dominant edifice, is a much larger and older complex with milder and less frequent eruptions. Previous studies have suggested a deep link beneath these two closely spaced volcanoes (McKnight, 1995; MacQueen, 2013). Melt inclusions were collected from various tephra samples in order to determine whether a connection exists and to delineate the features of this link. Major, volatile, and trace elemental compositions reveal a distinct geochemical continuum with Cerro Negro defining the primitive endmember and El Hoyo representing the evolved endmember. Magmatic conditions at the time of melt inclusion entrapment were estimated with major and volatile contents: 2.4 kbar and 1170 °C for Cerro Negro melts and 1.3 kbar and 1130 °C for El Hoyo melts with an overall oxygen fugacity at the NNO buffer. Trace element contents are distinct and suggest Cerro Negro magmas fractionally crystallise while El Hoyo magmas are a mix between primitive Cerro Negro melts and residual and evolved El Hoyo magma. Modelling of end member compositions with alphaMELTS confirms the unique nature of El Hoyo magmas as resulting from incremental mixing between Cerro Negro and residual evolved magma at 4 km depth. Combining all available literature data, this study presents a model of the interconnected subsurface plumbing system. This model considers the modern day analogue of the Lemptégy cinder cones in Massif Central, France and incorporates structurally controlled dykes. The main implications of this study are the classification of Cerro Negro as the newest conduit within the El Hoyo Complex as well as the potential re-activation of the El Hoyo edifice.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Elsevier, 2016, 325, pp.211 - 224. 〈10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.06.001〉
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https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01638587
Contributeur : Sylvaine Jouhannel <>
Soumis le : lundi 20 novembre 2017 - 11:01:07
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:17:08

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Swetha Venugopal, Séverine Moune, Glyn Williams-Jones. Investigating the subsurface connection beneath Cerro Negro volcano and the El Hoyo Complex, Nicaragua. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Elsevier, 2016, 325, pp.211 - 224. 〈10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.06.001〉. 〈hal-01638587〉

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