BRCA1 Induces Major Energetic Metabolism Reprogramming in Breast Cancer Cells

Abstract : The hypermetabolic nature of cancer cells and their increased reliance on ''aerobic glycolysis'', as originally described by Otto Warburg and colleagues, are considered metabolic hallmarks of cancer cells. BRCA1 is a major tumor suppressor in breast cancer and it was implicated in numerous pathways resulting in anticarcinogenic functions. The objective of our study was to address specific contributions of BRCA1 to the metabolic features of cancer cells, including the so-called ''Warburg effect''. To get a comprehensive approach of the role of BRCA1 in tumor cell metabolism, we performed a global transcriptional and metabolite profiling in a BRCA1-mutated breast cancer cell line transfected or not by wild-type BRCA1. This study revealed that BRCA1 induced numerous modifications of metabolism, including strong inhibition of glycolysis while TCA cycle and oxidative phosphorylation tended to be activated. Regulation of AKT by BRCA1 in both our cell model and BRCA1-mutated breast tumors was suggested to participate in the effect of BRCA1 on glycolysis. We could also show that BRCA1 induced a decrease of ketone bodies and free fatty acids, maybe consumed to supply Acetyl-CoA for TCA cycle. Finally increased activity of antioxidation pathways was observed in BRCA1-transfected cells, that could be a consequence of ROS production by activated oxidative phosphorylation. Our study suggests a new function for BRCA1 in cell metabolic regulation, globally resulting in reversion of the Warburg effect. This could represent a new mechanism by which BRCA1 may exert tumor suppressor function.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9, pp.102438 - 102438
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Maud Privat, Nina Radosevic-Robin, Corinne Aubel, Anne Cayre, Fré Dé Rique Penault-Llorca, et al.. BRCA1 Induces Major Energetic Metabolism Reprogramming in Breast Cancer Cells. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2014, 9, pp.102438 - 102438. 〈hal-01639617〉

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