Exploring the key drivers of riparian woodland successional pathways across three European river reaches

Abstract : Climate change and river regulation are negatively impacting riparian vegetation. To evaluate these impacts, process‐based models are preferred over data‐driven approaches. However, they require extensive knowledge about ecohydrological processes. To facilitate the implementation of such process‐based models, the key drivers of riparian woodland successional pathways across three river reaches, in Austria, Portugal, and Spain, were explored, employing two complementary approaches. The principal component analyses highlighted the importance of the physical gradients determining the placement of the succession phases within the riparian and floodplain zones. The generalized additive models revealed that the initial and pioneer succession phases, characteristic of the colonization stage, appeared in areas highly morphodynamic, close in height and distance to the water table, and with coarse substrate, whereas elder phases within the transitional and mature stages showed incremental differences, occupying less dynamic areas with finer substrate. The Austrian site fitted well the current successional theory (elder phases appearing sequentially further up and distant), but at the Portuguese site, the tolerance of the riparian species to drought and flash flood events governed their placement. Finally, at the Spanish site, the patchy distribution of the elder phases was the remnants of formative events that reshaped the river channel. These results highlight the complex relationships between flow regime, channel morphology, and riparian vegetation. The use of succession phases, which rely on the sequential evolution of riparian vegetation as a response to different drivers, may be potentially better reproducible, within numerical process‐based models, and transferable to other geographical regions.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-clermont-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01673043
Contributeur : Virginia Garófano Gómez <>
Soumis le : jeudi 28 décembre 2017 - 11:47:10
Dernière modification le : mercredi 28 février 2018 - 17:06:02

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Rafael Muñoz-Mas, Virginia Garófano-Gómez, Ignacio Andrés-Doménech, Dov Corenblit, Gregory Egger, et al.. Exploring the key drivers of riparian woodland successional pathways across three European river reaches. Ecohydrology, 2017, 10 (8), 〈10.1002/eco.1888〉. 〈hal-01673043〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

71